1. W110 is a 1 23-plant synthetic variety resulting from phenotypic recurrent selection for high forage yield in a space-plant nursery at Evansville, WI. Parental germplasm traces to WL 324, Trident II, GH755, and Ovation. Approximate germplasm source contributions are: M. falcata - 9%; Ladak - 16%; M. varia- 33%; Turkistan -10%; and Flemish - 32%.
2. W110 is adapted for use in the North Central and East Central regions of the U.S. W110 has been yield tested in New York, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.
3. Flower color of W110 at Syn 2 approximates 100% purple with a trace of cream, variegated, and yellow. The winter survival of W110 is similar to Vernal (Class 2), and the fall dormancy of W110 is similar to Pioneer 5246 (Class 3).
4. W110 has high resistance to anthracnose (Race 1), bacterial~wilt,~0~Fusarium wilt, Phytophthora root rot, Verticillium wilt, and Aphanomyces root rot (Race I ); resistance to pea aphid and spotted alfalfa aphid; and moderate resistance to Lepto leaf spot. Reaction to blue alfalfa aphid, stem nematode, and root knot nematode has not been adequately tested.
5. Breeder seed (Syn 2) was produced in 1993 on 123 plants under cage isolation at Warden, WA. Sufficient Foundation (Syn 2) seed will be produced for the expected life of the variety and will be maintained by W-L Research. One generation of Breeder (Syn 1) and two generations each of Foundation (Syn 2 or 3) and Certified (Syn 3 or 4) seed are recognized. The maximum permitted length of stand for Foundation and Certified seed fields are 3 and 5 years respectively. Foundation seed must be produced above 40 degrees North latitude. Production of Syn 3 Foundation seed requires consent of the breeder.
6. Certified seed will be marketed in 1997.
7. It is undecided whether application will be made for Plant Variety Protection.
8. The information in this application can be turned over to the PVP office.
9. Experimental Designation: W110 Date Submitted: December 1996